Industry and Trade
ECONOMY OF EDIRNE
Edirne which was an important agricultural center for centuries was granary and creamery of Istanbul at the end of the 19th century. Wars and chaos in Balkans and Thrace lasted until proclamation of the republic caused large-scale population movements affecting the socio-economic structure of Edirne. After Treaty of Lausanne, while Bulgarian and Greek people in Eastern Thrace emigrated to West, a part of Turkish people in Western Thrace emigrated to East.
Migration and population exchange lasted until World War I. Some jobs such as viticulture, vinification and sericulture… etc. was in hands of the Greeks before migrations. After migration, while these activities disappeared, tobacco and sunflower cultivation started with the new population which was placed this area. After proclamation of the republic, agriculture of Edirne began to recover, and it experienced a structural chance with the proliferation of tractor in the 1950s. Opening meadows and pastures at a large extend for plantation caused to decline of stock breeding and dairy farming that they were tradional activities of province. Vegetative production is dominant in agriculture of Edirne at the present time. Wheat, sunflower and rice are cultivated at the large part of the broad and fertile plains. Edirne had an agriculture-based economy until 1969. Besides this, there were small-scaled flour and oil businesses which they were processed wheat and sunflower produce in the province. However, Edirne was came under priority regions for development in 1969 and began to develop with the incentive applications, after this date, medium and large-scale factories began to be established at the province. However, Edirne was removed from priority regions for development structure in 1976.
Economy of Edirne predominantly based on the agricultural sector. However, because of being on the road connecting Europe to Istanbul and Middle East non-agricultural activities in Edirne also began to develop. In the GDP (with current prices) share of the agricultural sector: 32.7 %, the share of industrial sector: 11.6 %, share of the commercial sector: 13.4 %, share of construction industry: 5.1 %, share of service sector: 37.2 %.
According to data ‘’Development Performance of Edirne’’ State Planning Organization in 2003, Edirne is ranked at the 16th place in socio-economic development ranking in 81 provinces. The share of Edirne in national income is 0.73 % in 2003. According to arrangement made between the provinces, Edirne is situated in 32th range. GDP per capita of Edirne is $2.271 billion.
Evros districtof Edirne is situated in sub-regions of Uzunkopru its commercial relations mostly in going through Uzunkopru.
Uzunkopru is affected by Kırklareli, Pehlivankoy, districts of Babaeski, Tekirdag, Hayrabolu. There are flow of goods and services toward Uzunkopru from these districts. Due to the fact that oil industry in Uzunkopru has improved, it is made sales of sun flower to Uzunkopru from these districts. Enez and İpsala is also situated at sub-regional of Kesan. Impact the area of three-contered structure. They are center of Edirne, Uzunkopru and Kesan.
INDUSTRY IN EDIRNE
One of the most important affecting the process of industrialization in Edirne is taken Edirne into the scope of Priority Provinces in Development. Extensity of domestic and foreign transportation facilities of Edirne as its location, being so close to an industrial and commercial metropolis like Istanbul, Edirne attracted the attention of major industry groups particularly enterprises engaged in the textile began to develop in Edirne after the 1990s.
A large part of industrial enterprises in the province is composed of businesses operating in flour, oil and milk. Also, many rice processing plants established in Edirne in order to be processed rice grown in the province.
Industrialization in the province is slower than the provinces of Tekirdag and Kırklareli. The most important sector in the province is food industry processing of agricultural products. These are such plants as rice, flour, oil, milk and milk products…etc. Moreover, it has been launched to be experience signify can’t improvements in textile industry of Edirne in recent years. The fastest-growing districts of the province are also provinces of central and Uzunkopru. Especially in the district of Uzunkopru, there are a large number of enterprises operating in the oil and rice milling.
Industrialization in Edirne has concentrated in the districts of Kesan and Uzunkopru. There have been enterprises operating in the food industry especially in the center of Edirne, Ipsala and Havsa. Enterprises operating in textile industry are mostly resided in the center of Edirne Havsa and Kesan.
District of Meric, located in sub-regional of district of Uzunkopru, Edirne, is mainly in a commercial relationship with Uzunkopru. District of Uzunkopru is affected by Kırklareli, Pehlivankoy, Babaeski, Tekirdag and Hayrabolu at the same time there has been a flow of goods services from these districts through Uzunkopru. Due to the fact that oil industry has improved in district of Uzunkopru disposal of sunflower is made from these districts to Uzunkopru. Ipsala and Enez are also located in sub-regional of Kesan. Municipal point of interest of these districts has directed towards the district of Kesan. In this case, province of Edirne has a three-centered structure. These are districts of Uzunkopru, Kesan and the center of Edirne.
While there were totally 111 industrial plants by the year 1995, this number reached 162 at the end of 2002. Most of them operate in the food industry. 7080 workers are employed in industrial plants. In addition, there is a small industrial site within the city, 8 of them are completed and put into service. For more information about this small industrial site is indicated below.
Goods produced in industrial plants in our province are marketed in domestic and abroad. Generally, agricultural products (sunflower, oil and rice) are sold and durable goods are mostly provided from nearby cities. Furthermore, due to the widespread of stock breeding in the province, mil production has increased. Accordingly, there are a large number of dairy products which process creamery.
TRADE IN EDIRNE
Province of Edirne has importance on historical and touristic matters has borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Border gates of Kapıkule and İpsala being the most important border gates of Turkey keep economically alive the province.
Especially, with the completion of D-100 highway establishing connection with the Middle Eastern countries, through transportation and consequently the commercial sector began to develop in Edirne our workers going to abroad in order to work make their entry and exit from Edirne, so this is a factor that allows the development of trade.
In order to meet the needs and exports of Edirne, Council of Ministers decision about the border trade between Turkey and Bulgaria at the Kapıkule Custom Gate was published in the official gazette dated on 19 March 1997 and was into force. However, the implementation of border trade was terminated with the Council of Ministers decision numbered 2000/364 on 28 April 2000. During this period, 158 real and legal persons, whose application was approved, have been granted certificate off cross-border trade. 321 importation request application was made to Edirne Governorship, but 285 of them took a certificate of importation conformity. In this period of time, it was occurred 22,927,924 USD importation.
Goods produced in all available factories are exported both in domestic and abroad. (Such as textile…etc.). Moreover, agricultural products (sunflower, oil and rice) are sold and durable foods are mostly provided. Lignite coal as a mine and bentonite used in chemical industry are mostly taken out within our city, Being provided with its economic importance, a major underground product, lignite reserve is 106 million tons.