Edirne is located in the Thracian part of the Marmara Region. It is surrounded by the Aegean Sea in the south, Bulgaria in the north, Greece in the west, Tekirdağ in the east, Kırklareli and Çanakkale in the east.
Edirne has an area of 6,276 km² and an average height of 41 meters above sea level. Edirne is composed of 8 districts and 248 villages, one of which is administrative district.
Edirne province, the Thrace Peninsula; It covers the Istranca Mountains in the north, Koru Mountains in the south, Aegean Sea-Saroz Gulf in the south, Meriç River and Meriç Plain in the west, Ergene Plain in the east and 80% of the province’s lands.
area of the province into an important part of Turkey’s western border with Bulgaria 88km’lik soil has a limit. The border with Bulgaria starts at the border of the Kırklareli province, cut off the Tunca River and end in the southwest direction and ends at the Meriç River. Here, the Turkish, Bulgarian and Greek borders are united. Meric River forms the border of the province with Greece. The east side of the river is Edirne, and the west side is Greece. The length of the Edirne-Greece border is 204 km. This limit ends at Enez.
The province of Edirne, which is located in the Thrace Region in the southeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, varies in terms of landforms. This variety creates plateaus and lowlands with low altitudes, with mountains and hills showing different elevations. The north and northeast of the province and the south and southeast are covered with mountains and plateaus.
The flow rates of Meriç, Tunca, Arda and Ergene rivers, which are one of the most important rivers of the province, reach their maximum level in March-April due to heavy rain. It also maintains its normal flow rates during the summer months. The most important agricultural potential of the region in paddy sowing and irrigation times, the river flow rates reach the minimum level.
Edirne, surface water outside the rivers, natural lakes, dams, reservoirs and ponds are formed. Some of the natural lakes are in the Enez region, where Meriç falls into the sea. These lakes are gala, Dalyan, Taşalti, Tuzla, Bücürmene, Sığırcık and Pamuklu lakes.
Edirne is a transition region under the influence of every Mediterranean climate and the central climate of Central Europe. The region shows different climatic characteristics with occasional and occasional effects on the Black Sea, Aegean and Marmara seas. It is warm and rainy when it shows the effects of the Mediterranean climate in the winters, and it is quite hard and snowy when it shows the effect of the continental climate. Summers are hot and dry, spring is rainy. In the Ergene Basin, which is important in terms of plant production, a harsh continental climate is dominant. This climate, which is limited to the mountains, is closed to the softening effects coming from the seas and this climate reveals this climate structure. The average annual temperature was 13.4 ° C, the highest temperature was 41.5 ° C in July, the lowest temperature was °22.2 ° C in January. The average annual rainfall is 585.9 mm and the average annual relative humidity is 70%.
Edirne is located on both the D-100 state road and the TEM motorway, to Istanbul and to Anatolia, and the D-550 via the state road from Çanakkale to the Aegean. It is also connected to Bulgaria and Europe via Kapıkule Border Gate not only by road but also by rail.
With the Pazarkule and İpsala Border Crossing, you can also reach Greece via the Uzunköprü railway and the highway. Edirne has regular access to Anatolia via Istanbul and Çanakkale.
Edirne is the second largest city of Thrace after Istanbul, with a population of 119.298 according to the 2000 census. The total population of the province is (402,606).